Damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal is called as spinal cord injury. A spinal cord injury SCI is damage to the spinal cord that causes temporary or permanent changes in its function. Symptoms may of the injury include loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in the parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the injury.
A spinal cord injury occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord either from trauma, loss of its normal blood supply, or compression from tumor or infection.If the injury to the spinal cord occurs lower in the back it can cause paralysis of both legs only.Permanent loss of strength, sensation and function are caused because of spinal cord injury.
Spinal cord injuries can be divided into two types of injury
Complete and Incomplete:
- Complete spinal cord injury:-Permanent damage to the area of the spinal cord that is affected is called Complete spinal cord injury
- Incomplete spinal cord :-Incomplete spinal cord injury means partial damage to the spinal cord.
- Diagnosis & Treatment:-Physiotherapist do an complete evaluation of the patient on the basis of symptoms they tests suggest Imaging tests like Xray, CT Scan and MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging )
After Spinal Cord Injury , many patients lose a lot of muscle density due to lack of use. Physical therapy helps rebuild their muscles to improve movement and posture. Physical therapy can also help reduce or prevent pain following an SCI.
Spinal Cord Injury patients can benefit to the optimum levels with the latest innovations of Physio Kare’s Therapies.Spinal Stimulation treatment is one of the latest treatment resulting higher recovery percentages.
A spinal cord stimulator (SCS) device is surgically placed under your skin and sends a mild electric current to your spinal cord . Thin wires carry current from a pulse generator to the nerve fibers of the spinal cord. When turned on, the SCS stimulates the nerves in the area where your pain is felt.Physiotherapist treats different problems related to SCI and these involve many body systems.
Physiotherapist will design a therapeutic exercise program, working with your physical abilities and limitations, to help you reach your full potential. Physiotherapy treatment will involve activities designed to increase your strength, endurance and cardiac capacity.