Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord, damaging the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cell.It is a disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves, which leads to diminished function in the brain and spinal cord.
Multiple sclerosis is not fatal, except in very rare circumstances.
Causes of Multiple Sclerosis
Although many risk factors for multiple sclerosis have been identified, no definate cause has been found.
• Multiple Sclerosis likely occurs as a result of some combination of both environmental and genetic factors.
• It's considered an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks its own tissues. The immune system of patient malfunctions and destroys the fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).
• Blurred or double vision, Loss of vision in one eye
• Slurred or slowed speech
• Psychological changes
• Weakness or paralysis of limbs
• Poor coordination and balance
• Shaking of limb staggering gait
• Dragging feet
• Numbness or pins and needles
• Poor bladder and bowel control
Diagnosis & Treatment
After complete indepth assessment of the patients on the basis of history and current symptoms Physiotherapists undertake physical tests MRI of the brain and spine is often used during the diagnostic process.