Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord, damaging the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cell.It is a disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves, which leads to diminished function in the brain and spinal cord.
Multiple sclerosis is not fatal, except in very rare circumstances.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

Although many risk factors for multiple sclerosis have been identified, no definate cause has been found.
• Multiple Sclerosis likely occurs as a result of some combination of both environmental and genetic factors.
• It's considered an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks its own tissues. The immune system of patient malfunctions and destroys the fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).

Clinical symptoms:

• Blurred or double vision, Loss of vision in one eye
• Slurred or slowed speech
• Psychological changes
• Weakness or paralysis of limbs
• Poor coordination and balance
• Shaking of limb staggering gait
• Dragging feet
• Numbness or pins and needles
• Poor bladder and bowel control

Diagnosis & Treatment

After complete indepth assessment of the patients on the basis of history and current symptoms Physiotherapists undertake physical tests MRI of the brain and spine is often used during the diagnostic process.


Physiotherapist works with people with MS to assess physical difficulties and help improve movement and other functions of the body. Exercise is one of the key ways in which they do this.
A physiotherapist suggests exercises that concentrate on a particular area of the body, or help you manage a specific effect of Multiple Sclerosis
Physio Kare's therapy will help
• To keep joints mobile and prevent stiffness becoming permanent.
• To keep muscles strong and strengthen those that are weak.
• To improve co-ordination and balance.
• To improve circulation, thereby supporting bodily functions.
• To prevent pressure sores.