Back pain is a physical discomfort which occurs anywhere on the spine or back, ranging from mild to severe pain.It can result due to injury, activity and some medical conditions. Back pain can affect people of any age,whether child, adult or eldery persons for different reasons. As people get older, the chance of developing lower back pain increases, due to factors such as previous occupation and degenerative disk disease.
Back pain is a common reason for absence from work and for seeking medical treatment. It can be uncomfortable making someone very weak and infirm.Lower back pain may be linked to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, abdominal and pelvic internal organs, and the skin around the lumbar area.

Common causes of back pain

Back pain can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease. Examples include overuse such as working out or lifting too much, prolonged sitting prolonged lying down, sleeping in an uncomfortable position or wearing a poorly fitting backpack.

Signs and symptoms of back pain can include:
  • Muscle ache.
  • A sudden sharp pain.
  • Pain that radiates down your leg.
  • Pain that worsens with bending, lifting, standing or walking.
  • Pain that improves with leaning or lying back in a relaxed position with the back supported.
Diagnosis & Treatment

A doctor will usually be able to diagnose back pain after asking about symptoms and carrying out a physical examination.An imaging scan and other tests may be required if,back pain appears to result from an injury There may be underlying cause for the pain.


If home treatments do not relieve back pain, a doctor may recommend the following medication, physical therapy, or both.Physiotherapy for lower back pain. Physiotherapist suggest treatment that helps to improve the movement and function of your joints and muscles. If you have back pain, physiotherapy can help to reduce it and get you back to normal mobility.